Logical Fallacies in Darwin’s Quotes
As stated in the first episode,it is important to analyze Darwin’s quote see what logical fallacies are present. This post focuses on Darwin’s quote found in The Origin of Species. Enjoy!
“To suppose that the eye with all its inimitable contrivances for adjusting the focus to different distances, for admitting different amounts of light, and for the correction of Spherical and chromatic aberration, could have been formed by natural selection, seems, I freely confess, absurd in the highest degree. When it was first said that the sun stood still and the world turned round, the common sense of mankind declared the doctrine false; but the old saying of Vox populi, vox Dei [“the voice of the people = the voice of God “], as every philosopher knows, cannot be trusted in science. Reason tells me, that if numerous gradations from a simple and imperfect eye to one complex and perfect can be shown to exist, each grade being useful to its possessor, as is certain the case; if further, the eye ever varies and the variations be inherited, as is likewise certainly the case; and if such variations should be useful to any animal under changing conditions of life, then the difficulty of believing that a perfect and complex eye could be formed by natural selection, should not be considered as subversive of the theory.”
P M S
The eye with all its inimitable contrivances, could have been formed by natural selection, seems I freely confess absurd in the highest possible degree.
All P is M.
All M are not S.
Therefore, All P are not S.
The above is a logical argument.
IF it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed, which could not possibly have been formed
by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down. But I can find out no such case.
All P are not M.
All M is not S.
Therefore, All S is P.
1st fallacy: Argument from Consequences
2nd fallacy: non sequitur
3rd fallacy: Straw man