Bible Geography Pt. 2
Yesterday, we looked at the geography of the Earth when it was first created and the beauty and splendor and grandeur of the garden of Eden which God so cleverly designed. Today, we will be comparing Genesis with the new heavens and the new earth that will be created after the Great Tribulation and Great White Throne Judgment. Just to jog your memory, let’s take a look at Genesis 2:10-14 again:
And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.
The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.
And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.
And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.
Genesis 2:10-14 KJV
Here, we see that the brand new Earth is filled with all kinds of amenities, such as precious stones and four rivers which watered the entire region, extending as far as Ethiopia and modern-day Syria. While we won’t discuss this today, the flood significantly changed the structure of Earth and altered some of its natural resources. However, we see that in the new heavens and the new earth mentioned in Revelation, the idea of this new earth will be similar to what Earth was supposed to be like in the beginning. Let’s take a look at Revelation 21:1-2:
And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.
And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
Revelation 21:1-2 KJV
We see in verse number one that John recognizes a striking difference from the old earth and the new earth. He says that “there was no more sea.” Now, there is much theological debate on whether John was talking about a physical sea, or perhaps what the sea represents like: anxiety, fear, uncertainty, etc. However, since the Bible is to be interpreted literally, except where explicitly indicated otherwise, I interpret it to mean that there was no physical sea on the new earth. Think about that for a second. The Earth that we live on right now is made up of approximately 71% water. Imagine a new earth with no oceans and no seas. That would be a big change!
In this passage of Scripture we also see the similarities of the new earth and the old earth. Let’s take a look at verses 11-23:
Revelation 21:11 KJV Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;
Revelation 21:12 KJV And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel:
Revelation 21:13 KJV On the east three gates; on the north three gates; on the south three gates; and on the west three gates.
Revelation 21:14 KJV And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
Revelation 21:15 KJV And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.
Revelation 21:16 KJV And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the height of it are equal.
Revelation 21:17 KJV And he measured the wall thereof, an hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel.
Revelation 21:18 KJV And the building of the wall of it was of jasper: and the city was pure gold, like unto clear glass.
Revelation 21:19 KJV And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;
Revelation 21:20 KJV The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.
Revelation 21:21 KJV And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass.
Revelation 21:22 KJV And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it.
Revelation 21:23 KJV And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.
Revelation 21:11-23 KJV
Here we immediately see the mention of precious jewels, just like in the second chapter of Genesis. Among these precious stones mentioned in Revelation are jasper, gold, and a number of other precious stones which were not mentioned in Genesis. We can clearly see that the splendor of this new earth will far exceed the beauty of the old earth in which we now live. We also see the mention of pearls and emeralds throughout the passage as well. Based upon this passage of Scripture, pearls will be the most common precious stone throughout the new earth albeit jasper will be the foundation of the new earth with the outermost coating amethyst. The streeets however will be pure gold and will be transparent. In verse 23, however, we see yet another significant difference between this earth and the new earth. The Bible says in verse 23: “And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.” We see here that in the new earth there will be no sun or moon. Let’s take a look at Genesis one more time.
Genesis 1:14 KJV And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
Genesis 1:15 KJV And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
Genesis 1:16 KJV And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.
Genesis 1:14-16 KJV
We see that in these verses, God created the sun and the moon to be signs to divide the day from the night and for seasons, days, and years. However, we must remember that the Lamb (Jesus Christ) himself was actively involved in the Creation of this earth albeit he was pre-incarnate and had not yet been glorified. Therefore, it was necessary for God to create the sun and the moon to give light to the earth. However, in this new earth, Jesus is glorified and will reign on the earth and He will be the source of Light because He is and will always be the Glory of God.
In our next post on this series, we will go back to Genesis and discuss the location of Adam and Eve after the fall in the Garden of Eden. If you liked this post, please feel free to like or comment if you like. Don’t forget to read our comments policy before commenting.